Top 25 Best Pen Type Ph Meters

 

Hq Accuracy Digital Pen Type Ph Meter Tester Ph-2011 with Automatic Temperature Compensation ATC for SPA Aquarium Pool Water

Hq Accuracy Digital Pen Type Ph Meter Tester Ph-2011 with Automatic Temperature Compensation ATC for SPA Aquarium Pool Water

Hq Accuracy Digital Pen Type Ph Meter Tester Ph-2011 with Automatic Temperature Compensation ATC for SPA Aquarium Pool Water - 18 ph buffer solutions, see coupon above. 9 x 1. 86, and 9. 6 inches) • weight 52 g (1. Specifications • ph range 0. 00, 14. 5 cm (6 x 1. 1 x 0. 01 ph • power 2 x 1. 18 ph • meter can easily be re-calibrated in the field • includes a protective cap/sleeve and batteries • get free powders to make 4. This ph meter has all the features you need for commercial or household usewater purification applications, waste-water regulation, aquaculture, hydroponics, labs & scientific testing, pools & spas, ecology testing, wine making, agriculture and much more. Features • auto-off function and low-battery indicator • large and easy-to-read lcd screen • factory calibrated at 4. 3 x 2. 86, and 9. 01 ph • accuracy +/- 0. 5v button cell batteries (not included) • dimensions 15. 00 • resolution 0. 00, 6. 00, 6. 83 oz).

 

STree Digital pH Meter Pen Type Water Tester For Hydroponic Aquarium Spa Pool

STree Digital pH Meter Pen Type Water Tester For Hydroponic Aquarium Spa Pool

STree Digital pH Meter Pen Type Water Tester For Hydroponic Aquarium Spa Pool - Big value pack, offers 2packs each of 6874, 4001 and 918 buffers plus 2 batteries (meter only take 1piece battery) a strong and portable storage case is included. Wide variety of uses, suitable for water sources, schools & colleges, laboratories, hydroponics, aquariums, swimming pools, spas and food processing etc. Backlight, enhanced with backlight function for using at low lighting condition. Range & accuracy, measures ph range 000, 1400 with 001 resolution highly accurate for up to +/-003 ph variance. 3 points auto calibration, latest ph meter adapts 3 points auto calibration calibration can be done quickly and accurately.

 

Etekcity pH-009 Digital Pocket-Sized Pen Type pH Meter Mini Water Quality Tester pH 00 - 140 Measuring Range 01pH Resolution

Etekcity pH-009 Digital Pocket-Sized Pen Type pH Meter, Mini Water Quality Tester, pH 0.0 – 14.0 Measuring Range, 0.1pH Resolution

Etekcity pH-009 Digital Pocket-Sized Pen Type pH Meter, Mini Water Quality Tester, pH 0.0 – 14.0 Measuring Range, 0.1pH Resolution - Great for home and laboratory ph testing, aquariums, swimming pools, beverage. The electrode will remain accurate for a long time without recalibration. Brand new and high quality, very accurate and durable. With lcd display, measure & display ph results simultaneously. The electrode can be used in particularly taxing conditions.

 

Pen Type PH Meter With Screwdriver Yellow and Black

Pen Type PH Meter With Screwdriver Yellow and Black

Pen Type PH Meter With Screwdriver Yellow and Black - 1ph, working temperature (¡æ) 0, 50, dimensions (cm) 15 x 2. 0, 14. Specifications test type ph, testing range 0. 8 x 1. 0556,. 0ph, resolution 0. 5, weight (kg) 0.

 

PH-961 Digital ATC Pen-type pH Meter Water Tester PH0~14 Hydroponic Aquarium Spa Pool Acidimeter

PH-961 Digital ATC Pen-type pH Meter Water Tester PH0~14 Hydroponic Aquarium Spa Pool Acidimeter

PH-961 Digital ATC Pen-type pH Meter Water Tester PH0~14 Hydroponic Aquarium Spa Pool Acidimeter - Description ph-961 digital atc pen-type ph meter water tester ph0~14 hydroponic aquarium spa. Ld applicability after all readings are automatically temperature compensated (atc) temperature s. Phone check, dentify the state in the working telephone line busy, ringing or clear tone, judg. Pool acidimeter features ph-961 ph meter precision pen is pocket ph test pen, with excellent fi. Screen display, high resolution and accuracy, the reading can be maintained, convenient, fast and a.

 

High Quality Digital Yellow PH Testing PenDigital PH PenDigital Pocket PH Meter pen type PH meter

High Quality Digital Yellow PH Testing Pen/Digital PH Pen/Digital Pocket PH Meter pen type PH meter

High Quality Digital Yellow PH Testing Pen/Digital PH Pen/Digital Pocket PH Meter pen type PH meter - This pocket-sized ph meter digital pen ,which has introduced advanced technology and imported components, greatly reduced the volume,  costs and maintained their good quality, so that the use of ph meter has been popular pocket-sized digital ph meter is a classic brand of pocket-sized digital ph meter with high stability and high reliability, not only that it can be easy to use,even more it is not expensiveit also is popularised by all ages of people. Range 000~1400ph resolution 001ph accuracy ± 01ph battery 4 × 15v (ag-13). Material abs a fast and accurate measurement of ph value of 001, the resolution replace the ph electrode battery life 3000 hours of continuous use. Dimensions 175 48 27mm screen size 35 20mm backlight color green weight 66 g (with battery)note when you start measuring the product can not be zero, the number of beats is normal, simply check measurements show stable value please read before the product manual (operation method and correction method). Fast and accurate measurements from 0 to 14 ph value of 001 of the resolution the instrument can be calibrated manually at 200 model ph-98103.

 

Gangnam Shop Digital Portable Pen Type pH Meter with LCD Monitor

Gangnam Shop Digital Portable Pen Type pH Meter with LCD Monitor

Gangnam Shop Digital Portable Pen Type pH Meter with LCD Monitor - You may easy to forget to take your pills, because you are just too busy.   You will have one less thing to think about. The brand new pill holder with timer alarm will help remind you when to take your medications.   Let the pill holder with timer alarm do the work for you.   The pill timer will help solve this problem.

 

KKmoon Professional Mini Pen Type pH Meter with Removing Automatic Correction Waterproof Acidity Meter Water Quality Analysis Device

KKmoon Professional Mini Pen Type pH Meter with Removing Automatic Correction Waterproof Acidity Meter Water Quality Analysis Device

KKmoon Professional Mini Pen Type pH Meter with Removing Automatic Correction Waterproof Acidity Meter Water Quality Analysis Device - Apply in water sources, aquarium, hydroponics, spas, swimming pools and other water systems. Automatic calibration function. Use to measure the ph level and temperature of solution. Very wide variety of applications, used for testing the acidity and alkaline levels of almost any liquid. Waterproof ip65 and replaceable sensor probe.

 

AMTAST No Calibration needed Pen type PH MeterTemperature℃ Function  HouseholdLabDrinkingsSwimming Poolany Type Liquid Test001 Resolution 0~14 PH Range Temperature 0~60℃Portable

AMTAST No Calibration needed Pen type PH Meter,Temperature(℃) Function , Household,Lab,Drinkings,Swimming Pool,any Type Liquid Test,0.01 Resolution, 0~14 PH Range, Temperature: 0~60℃,Portable

AMTAST No Calibration needed Pen type PH Meter,Temperature(℃) Function , Household,Lab,Drinkings,Swimming Pool,any Type Liquid Test,0.01 Resolution, 0~14 PH Range, Temperature: 0~60℃,Portable - No calibration needed,ideal for any liquid need to be tested,wide use in lab,home,wine,juice,swimming pool,and so on. Only one key to operate,easy to use quickly response time and accurate results, 001 resolution,high accuracy. Provided with instruction manual and 15v lr44 x 3 button cells. Wide ph measurement range(0~14) and temperature test function(0~60℃, ℃ display),the two values flash alternatively. Exquisite and small pen type design with great white color,light weight,easy to carry.

 

Hq New Professional Mini Pen-type Ph Meter with Backlit Display Acid-base Aquarium Pocket Acidimeter Water Quality Analysis Device

Hq New Professional Mini Pen-type Ph Meter with Backlit Display Acid-base Aquarium Pocket Acidimeter Water Quality Analysis Device

Hq New Professional Mini Pen-type Ph Meter with Backlit Display Acid-base Aquarium Pocket Acidimeter Water Quality Analysis Device - Features • auto-off function and low-battery indicator • large and easy-to-read lcd screen • factory calibrated at 4. 5v button cell batteries (not included) • dimensions 15. 86, and 9. 3 x 2. 5 cm (6 x 1. 00 • resolution 0. 86, and 9. 00, 14. 00, 6. 1 x 0. This ph meter has all the features you need for commercial or household usewater purification applications, waste-water regulation, aquaculture, hydroponics, labs & scientific testing, pools & spas, ecology testing, wine making, agriculture and much more. 01 ph • power 2 x 1. 00, 6. 83 oz). 01 ph • accuracy +/- 0. 18 ph • meter can easily be re-calibrated in the field • includes a protective cap/sleeve and batteries • get free powders to make 4. Specifications • ph range 0. 18 ph buffer solutions, see coupon above. 6 inches) • weight 52 g (1. 9 x 1.

 

niceEshopTM Digital Pen Type PH Meter Water Quality Tester LCD Display PH 00 - 140 Measuring Range 001pH Resolution

niceEshop(TM) Digital Pen Type PH Meter Water Quality Tester LCD Display PH 0.0 – 14.0 Measuring Range, 0.01pH Resolution

niceEshop(TM) Digital Pen Type PH Meter Water Quality Tester LCD Display PH 0.0 – 14.0 Measuring Range, 0.01pH Resolution - Digital pen-type ph meter with lcd display screen, it’s convenient to test the ph of drinking water, cosmetic, swimming pools,aquariums,hydroponics etc. Can be widely used in home, industrial, power, agriculture, medicine, food, scientific research and environmental protection and other fields. Automatic temperature compensation 0-55 degree centigrade, work temperature 0-80 degree centigrade. Accurate precision ±005ph, measurement range of ph 0-14, 001ph resolution, reliable and quick readings. Included with the meter are 686 and 401 ph buffers for an initial calibration, meanwhile instructions are also included with this product.

 

Hq Pocket Pen Type Ph Meter Analyzer Portable LCD Digital Ph Tester Acidity Kit for Laboratory Aquarium Pool Measure Range 0-14

Hq Pocket Pen Type Ph Meter Analyzer Portable LCD Digital Ph Tester Acidity Kit for Laboratory Aquarium Pool Measure Range 0-14

Hq Pocket Pen Type Ph Meter Analyzer Portable LCD Digital Ph Tester Acidity Kit for Laboratory Aquarium Pool Measure Range 0-14 - 00, 6. 00 • resolution 0. 01 ph • power 2 x 1. 83 oz). 18 ph buffer solutions, see coupon above. 86, and 9. This ph meter has all the features you need for commercial or household usewater purification applications, waste-water regulation, aquaculture, hydroponics, labs & scientific testing, pools & spas, ecology testing, wine making, agriculture and much more. 5 cm (6 x 1. 6 inches) • weight 52 g (1. 3 x 2. 00, 6. Specifications • ph range 0. 86, and 9. 5v button cell batteries (not included) • dimensions 15. 9 x 1. 18 ph • meter can easily be re-calibrated in the field • includes a protective cap/sleeve and batteries • get free powders to make 4. 1 x 0. 01 ph • accuracy +/- 0. 00, 14. Features • auto-off function and low-battery indicator • large and easy-to-read lcd screen • factory calibrated at 4.

 

Jingxin Technology PH Meter with Automatic Calibration Accuracy 01PH Pen Type PH Meter Built-in Electrode 0-14PH Range Digital PH Testing Meters PH-220

Jingxin Technology PH Meter with Automatic Calibration Accuracy 0.1PH Pen Type PH Meter Built-in Electrode 0-14PH Range Digital PH Testing Meters PH-220

Jingxin Technology PH Meter with Automatic Calibration Accuracy 0.1PH Pen Type PH Meter Built-in Electrode 0-14PH Range Digital PH Testing Meters PH-220 - Main features 1)easy to operate, one hand complete accurate ph measurement 2)electrode module replacement, maintenance costs low 3)a new process design, precise and rapid detection 4)waterproof ip67 rating, can float on the surface, easy to retrieve 5)touch switch, automatic shutdown 6)the service life is long, the host with good quality for one year. Product application ph-20/220-type pen type ph meter, for on-site or field operations designed to simultaneously display ph and temperature values of the portable pen-precision instruments. The instrument is suitable for tap water monitoring, aquaculture, environmental protection, printing and dyeing, electroplating, beverage industry and research institutes determination of water ph value.

 

Hq Mini Aquarium Digital Pen Type Ph Meter Solution Ph-009 Ia 00-140ph Ec Swimming Pool Water Quality Tester Controller Test

Hq Mini Aquarium Digital Pen Type Ph Meter Solution Ph-009 Ia 0.0-14.0ph Ec Swimming Pool Water Quality Tester Controller Test

Hq Mini Aquarium Digital Pen Type Ph Meter Solution Ph-009 Ia 0.0-14.0ph Ec Swimming Pool Water Quality Tester Controller Test - 3 x 2. 01 ph • power 2 x 1. 1 x 0. 83 oz). 00, 6. 5 cm (6 x 1. 5v button cell batteries (not included) • dimensions 15. 9 x 1. 00, 6. This ph meter has all the features you need for commercial or household usewater purification applications, waste-water regulation, aquaculture, hydroponics, labs & scientific testing, pools & spas, ecology testing, wine making, agriculture and much more. 18 ph • meter can easily be re-calibrated in the field • includes a protective cap/sleeve and batteries • get free powders to make 4. 00 • resolution 0. 00, 14. Features • auto-off function and low-battery indicator • large and easy-to-read lcd screen • factory calibrated at 4. 01 ph • accuracy +/- 0. 86, and 9. Specifications • ph range 0. 18 ph buffer solutions, see coupon above. 6 inches) • weight 52 g (1. 86, and 9.

 

Pen Type PH Meter with large LCD Display and Temperature for Hydroponics

Pen Type PH Meter with large LCD Display and Temperature for Hydroponics

Pen Type PH Meter with large LCD Display and Temperature for Hydroponics - The ph measurement also depends on the temperature of the water. This ph meter ph-009 is great to measure aquarium water, pool water and hydroponics fertilizer solution. 0 and ph 6. 2. If it is acidic with a ph below 6. Tap and well water on the other hand can vary widely, depending on it’s source. 8 or caustic at ph 7. 0 you can drop it to the right ph by adding a few drops of vinegar. 5 you can add a little baking soda to raise the ph. Within a few seconds it will tell you the acidity of the water. Two calibration solutions (ph 4. This high accuracy ph meter ph-009 has a built in temperature sensor and will automatically compensate for the right temperature and also display the temperature in degree celsius. If your tap water is caustic with a ph higher than 7. Some water purifiers and ion exchange systems can even drop the ph of the purified water to 5. 9. It comes in a stable blue plastic case. 86) are included. It can be as acidic as ph 5. In hydroponics many ph adjusters are offered. In nature they receive very pure rain water, which is slightly acidic. The quality of your water is extremely important for the health of your plants.

 

Professional Ph-037 Waterproof 10 Inch LCD Accurate Mini Pen Type Ph Meter

Professional Ph-037 Waterproof 1.0 Inch LCD Accurate Mini Pen Type Ph Meter

Professional Ph-037 Waterproof 1.0 Inch LCD Accurate Mini Pen Type Ph Meter - Temperature compensation 0 ℃ ~50 ℃ operating temperature 0 ℃ ~50 ℃. Range 000~1400ph resolution 001ph accuracy ± 01ph battery 4 × 15v (ag-13). Material abs a fast and accurate measurement of ph value of 001, the resolution replace the ph electrode battery life 3000 hours of continuous use. Fast and accurate measurements from 0 to 14 ph value of 001 of the resolution the instrument can be calibrated manually at 200 model ph-98103. Dimensions 175 48 27mm screen size 35 20mm backlight color green weight 66 g (with battery)note when you start measuring the product can not be zero, the number of beats is normal, simply check measurements show stable value please read before the product manual (operation method and correction method).

 

Hq Technology Ph Meter Tester Details About Digital Pen Type Ph Meter Tester

Hq Technology Ph Meter Tester Details About Digital Pen Type Ph Meter Tester

Hq Technology Ph Meter Tester Details About Digital Pen Type Ph Meter Tester - 00, 14. 18 ph buffer solutions, see coupon above. 00, 6. 5 cm (6 x 1. 00 • resolution 0. 5v button cell batteries (not included) • dimensions 15. 6 inches) • weight 52 g (1. 00, 6. 83 oz). 01 ph • power 2 x 1. 86, and 9. 01 ph • accuracy +/- 0. 18 ph • meter can easily be re-calibrated in the field • includes a protective cap/sleeve and batteries • get free powders to make 4. 1 x 0. 86, and 9. 9 x 1. 3 x 2. Specifications • ph range 0. Features • auto-off function and low-battery indicator • large and easy-to-read lcd screen • factory calibrated at 4. This ph meter has all the features you need for commercial or household usewater purification applications, waste-water regulation, aquaculture, hydroponics, labs & scientific testing, pools & spas, ecology testing, wine making, agriculture and much more.

 

CoCocina PH-961 Digital ATC Pen-type pH Meter Water Tester PH0~14 Hydroponic Aquarium Spa Pool Acidimeter

CoCocina PH-961 Digital ATC Pen-type pH Meter Water Tester PH0~14 Hydroponic Aquarium Spa Pool Acidimeter

CoCocina PH-961 Digital ATC Pen-type pH Meter Water Tester PH0~14 Hydroponic Aquarium Spa Pool Acidimeter - Specification range 0. Features ph-961 ph meter precision pen is pocket ph test pen, with excellent field applicability after all readings are automatically temperature compensated (atc) temperature sensor in direct contact with the solution to be measured so that accurate readings and fast large-screen display, high resolution and accuracy, the reading can be maintained, convenient, fast and accurate low pressure tips, power consumption, high accuracy, wide measurement range measurement accuracy, simple, rugged and durable, economical and practical, in full compliance with various industry testing needs. 01ph accuracy +/-0. 1ph battery 2 x 3v(cr1632) temperature compensation 0°c~50°c operating temperature 0°c~50°c dimensions 147mm x 27mmx18mm weight 42g package included 1 x pen-type ph meter 2 x cr1632 button cell batteries (installed) 1 x mini screwdriver 1 x instruction manual. 00~14. 00ph resolution 0.

 

Digital PH Meter Full Kit 6 pH Buffer Powder Pen Type PH Tester with Auto Calibration ButtonCompact SizeLarge LCD ScreenTests pH Balance in Water Aquarium Pool Food

Digital PH Meter Full Kit, 6 pH Buffer Powder, Pen Type PH Tester with Auto Calibration Button,Compact Size,Large LCD Screen,Tests pH Balance in Water, Aquarium, Pool, Food

Digital PH Meter Full Kit, 6 pH Buffer Powder, Pen Type PH Tester with Auto Calibration Button,Compact Size,Large LCD Screen,Tests pH Balance in Water, Aquarium, Pool, Food - Accurate and super long standby time- no need to work with color charts or messy ph test strips, this handheld ph meter gets the result fast and accurate it is with 001 resolution, 005 accuracy, full ph 0-14 measurements the ph tester uses coin cell batteries which can last around 2 years. Usable anywhere, suitable for testing ph balance of drinking water, pool, aquarium, ro system, spa, or hydroponics appropriate for wide range of applications this pen type water quality tester is a great addition to your home tools and easy to add to your on-the-go toolkit. Auto calibration, you don’t have to use any kind of screwdrivers to calibrate the ph pen tester, you just have to press the auto-calibration button of the portable ph meter proper calibration is required for a highest accuracy. Super easy to use, it is really easy to use for both new and experienced users no fumbling with complicated readings or buttons, just turn the ph tester on, dip it in the liquid and read the display for ph value. Bonus package, free 6 packets ph buffer solution powder included, free acid & alkaline food chart pdf emailed after your purchase.

 

PH-035 Waterproof Pen-Type PH Meter w Temperature Display

PH-035 Waterproof Pen-Type PH Meter w/ Temperature Display

PH-035 Waterproof Pen-Type PH Meter w/ Temperature Display - 00~14. 1’c, accuracy ph +/- 0. 00ph, ‘c0~50’c, resolution ph0. The tester is now automatically calibrated., Color yellow, material abs, measuring range ph 0. 5v ag13 (included), working temperature 0’c~50’c, the tester allows up to two-point calibration. 01ph, ‘c 0. 01ph, ‘c +/-0. Press the cal key and the display shows the standard buffer ph needed for calibration. 1’c, automatic temperature compensation 0’c~50’c, battery 4 x 1. Immerse the ph electrode into the calibration solution as indicated and press the cal key.

 

Amprobe WT-10 pH Pen-Type Water Quality Meter

Amprobe WT-10 pH Pen-Type Water Quality Meter

Amprobe WT-10 pH Pen-Type Water Quality Meter - Displays ph from 000 to 1400, with a resolution of 001, and accuracy of + or, 005. Pen-type ph meter troubleshoots corrosion and tests water in wastewater treatment facilities, labs, pools, aquariums, car washes, and aquaculture. Automatic temperature compensation (atc), with a temperature range of 32 to 122 degrees f (0 to 50 degrees c), and accuracy + or, 05 degrees c. Adjustable one-touch auto-calibration with in-field calibration up to 3 points (ph 400, 700, 1000) to meet different solution standards. Complies with ingress protection (ip)-66 rating for water- and dustproof housing.

 

A-szcxtopTM Mini Digital Pen Type PH Meter PH-009 I Multimeter Tester Hydro

A-szcxtop(TM) Mini Digital Pen Type PH Meter PH-009 I Multimeter Tester Hydro

A-szcxtop(TM) Mini Digital Pen Type PH Meter PH-009 I Multimeter Tester Hydro - Ideal tool for aquarium, fishing industry, swimming pool, school laboratory, food etc. 100% brand new and high quality. Great instrument for anywhere you may need to test ph levels. Batteries 3 x 15v (ag-13 button battery),included.

 

PH 009 I Pen Type pH Meter Digital Tester

PH 009 (I) Pen Type pH Meter Digital Tester

PH 009 (I) Pen Type pH Meter Digital Tester - The electrode has been used (laid) for long time from the last calibration. Compact, portable pen type ph meter for testing. The electrode has been used in particularly taxing conditions. The utmost accuracy is required. Pen type meter that cans simultaneously measure & display ph and temperature results.

 

Mini Pen Type pH Meter with pH Electrode LCD Backlit Display Acidimeter Industry and Experiment Analyzer Rechargeable pH-Meter

Mini Pen Type pH Meter with pH Electrode LCD Backlit Display Acidimeter Industry and Experiment Analyzer Rechargeable pH-Meter

Mini Pen Type pH Meter with pH Electrode LCD Backlit Display Acidimeter Industry and Experiment Analyzer Rechargeable pH-Meter - Simple to operate, strong and durable to use. Reliable basic glass electrode ph meter. 5v ag-13 button cell batteries (not included) color red material abs item size approx. 1 temperature compensation 0 ~ 50 cesius degree environmental temperature 0 ~ 50 cesius degree calibration mode atc battery 4×1. 9in package weight approx. Features qualified ph meter with replaceable electrode. 0oz package size approx. 1oz package list 1 ph meter 1 user manual 1 mini screwdriver. 0in item weight approx. 9 1. 00 resolution ph 0. 57. 1 1. Atc function. 1 1. Large and clear lcd with backlight, easy to read and accurately measuring functions. Suitable for aquarium pool and environment water. 01 accuracy ph ± 0. Ce and rohs certificated to offer safer and precise measurement. 21 10. 144g / 5. 3 4. 4 5cm / 8. Specifications range ph 0. 00 ~ 14. 18 5 2. Very convenient to change its electrode, and completes with various industry test needs. The professional ph meter is rechargeable and perfect tool for testing your water level. 1g / 2. Apply in water sources, aquarium, hydroponics, spas, swimming pools and other water systems. 5cm / 7.

 

Lineba High Accuracy Portable PH Digital Meter Mini Digital Pen Type PH Meter(Pocket Size)

Lineba High Accuracy Portable PH Digital Meter Mini Digital Pen Type PH Meter(Pocket Size)

Lineba High Accuracy Portable PH Digital Meter Mini Digital Pen Type PH Meter(Pocket Size) - High durablility–approx700hours of use. Full measure range of ph 0-14, ±01ph highly accuracy reliable and quick readings on large lcd screen. High accuracy– ±01 ph (20°c), ±02 ph. Compact and portable design:fits easily in your pocket or bag so you can take it anywhere without any problems. Ideal for home and laboratory ph testing applications, included aquariums, swimming pools, tap water.





We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites.